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Andre Simpson

Andre Simpson

Academic Title: Professor

Phone: 416-287-7547

Office: SY324


Research Homepage: http://www.utsc.utoronto.ca/~asimpson


My research aims to develop novel analytical spectroscopy-based methods to investigate the reactivity, structures, and associations of molecules or groups of molecules in the environment. In analytical environmental chemistry dealing with very complex naturally occurring mixtures is unavoidable yet there is a lack of spectroscopic approaches available or in development that can provide crucial, molecular-level information desperately required to fully understand global environmental processes. Complex systems such as soils, marine sediments and atmospheric particles are routinely treated as “black boxes”.

My research specifically focuses on the development of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy, and its hyphenation with other, analytical methods. NMR spectroscopy is the single most powerful analytical technique for the analysis of organic structures. NMR can provide the basic chemical structures present in a mixture as well as information to the self-associations of molecules (aggregation and flocculation processes), their interactions with xenobiotics (transport of contaminants) and provide the direct connection between molecular-scale processes (environments of individual nuclei) and macromolecular systems. However despite its potential, NMR is severely underused in environmental chemistry, mainly due to lack of experiments presently available that can provide information on very complex mixtures and heterogeneous samples. In addition, the lack of data analysis methods that can extract specific information in a timely and user friendly fashion also prohibits the universal application of NMR spectroscopy to the environmental sciences. Consequently, a great deal of development is needed with respect the methods for acquiring quality NMR data for highly complex heterogeneous materials and the subsequent interpretation of this data.

Current Projects include :

• Development of novel hyphenated NMR systems to address complex mixtures (in collaboration with numerous companies)

• Understanding how the cycling of carbon in the environment influences global, warming and contaminant transport

• Molecules in space, potential indicators for extra terrestrial life? (in collaboration with the NASA Ames Research Centre)

• The preservation of infectious pathogens in soils and sediments

Selected Publications

Simpson A.J., Tseng L., Spraul M., Brauman U, Kingery W.L., Kelleher B., Simpson M.J. The application of LC-NMR and LC-SPE-NMR for the separation of Natural Organic Matter, 2004, The Analyst 129:1216-1222.

Kelleher B.P., A.J., Simpson, Willeford K.O., Simpson, M.J., Stout, R., Kingery W.L. Acid phosphatase interactions with organo-mineral complexes: Influence on catalytic activity. Biogeochemistry, 2004, 71, (3) : 285-297.

Simpson A.J, Kingery W.L, Williams A, Golotvin S, Kvasha M, Kelleher B.K, Moser A, Lefebvre B., Identifying Residues in Natural Organic Matter through Spectral Prediction and Pattern Matching of 2-D NMR datasets, Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry, 2004; 42: p. 14–22.

Deshmukh, A.P, Simpson A.J, and Hatcher P.G, Evidence for Cross-Linking in Tomato Cutin Using HR-MAS NMR Spectroscopy, Phytochemistry, 2003; 64: p. 1163–1170.

Diallo M.S, Simpson A.J, Faulon J.L, Gassman P, Goddard W. A, Johnnson J, Hatcher P.G, Unraveling the 3-D Structures of Natural Organic Matter through Experimental Characterization, Computer Assisted Structure Elucidation and Atomistic simulations. Environmental Science and Technology, 2003, 37 (9), p. 1783-1793.

Simpson, A.J, Kingery W.L, and Hatcher P.G, The identification of plant derived structures in humic materials using three-dimensional NMR spectroscopy. Environmental Science and Technology, 2003, 37(2): p. 337-342.

Kelleher B.P, Oppenheimer S.F, Kingery W.L, Han F.X, Willeford K.O, Simpson M.J, Simpson A.J, Dynamical System Analysis of Protease-Clay Interactions. Langmuir, 2003, 19: p. 9411-9417.

Simpson A.J, Zang X, Kramer R, Hatcher P.G, New insights on the structure of algaenan from Botryoccocus braunii race A and its hexane insoluble botryals based on multidimensional NMR spectroscopy and electrospray-mass spectrometry techniques. Phytochemistry, 2003, 62(5): p. 783-796.

Simpson, A.J., Determining the molecular weight, aggregation, structures and interactions of natural organic matter using diffusion ordered spectroscopy. Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry, 2002, 40, p. S72-S82.