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CHM135H1 Course Information


The two chemistry courses CHM135H (Chemistry: Physical Principles) and CHM136H (Introductory Organic Chemistry I) are designed to jointly provide a general introduction to chemistry for students who intend to follow a science program, primarily in the Life or Health Sciences. They are also the recommended courses for those applying for entry into professional programs. CHM135H and CHM136H are also acceptable in the Chemistry specialist, major and minor programs of study, although CHM 151Y (Chemistry: The Molecular Science) is the highly recommended course for entry into these programs.

In CHM135H, Chemistry: Physical Principles, we will discuss the structure of matter, colligative properties and reaction kinetics as well as chemical equilibrium, electrochemistry and other aspects of thermodynamics. A working knowledge of high school chemistry and mathematics at the Grade 12 level will be assumed in this course. We hope that you will find this course interesting and challenging. We believe that CHM135H, with CHM136H, will prepare you well for other chemistry courses in later years. If these are to be your only chemistry courses, we trust you will have gained some understanding of the breadth of the subject and of its importance in a wide variety of other areas of science.


Textbooks are available for purchase at the University of Toronto Textbook Store at 214 College Street. Textbook may change from year to year and new editions are published. You may find the required textbook for the current year on the course webpage.

COURSE SCHEDULE (12-week term)

Lectures - three 3 hours per week
Tutorials - 1 hour alternating week
Laboratories - 3 hours alternating week


This is a typical set of marking scheme and may change from term to term. The applicable set will be provided to the students at the beginning of each term.

best three of four tutorial quizzes3%3%
class participation1%1%
class evaluation1%1%
two term tests40%or25%
final examination35%50%
final mark100%100%


The main goal of CHM139H is to present the physical principles that are important in chemistry. We will cover course topics presented in six units:

Unit 1. Review of fundamental concepts: measurement in chemistry; chemical reactions and stoichiometry; quantum nature of the atom. Chapters 1-5.
Unit 2. States of matter: gases, liquids and solids; solutions. Chapters 9, 10, 11.
Unit 3. Kinetics: rates of chemical reactions and mechanism; enzyme kinetics, principles of equilibrium Chapters 12, 13.
Unit 4. Acid/base behaviour and buffers; precipitates. Chapters 14, 15.
Unit 5. Thermodynamics: enthalpy, entropy, free energy; the laws of thermodynamics. Chapters 8, 16.
Unit 6. Electrochemistry: redox reactions; electrochemical cells; cell potential. Chapter 17.


Experiment 1 - Freezing Point Depression
Experiment 2 - Kinetic Study of the reaction of food dye with bleach
Experiment 3 - Acid - Base Equilibria
Experiment 4 - Thermochemistry
Experiment 5 - Electrochemistry